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Commonly known as skin cancer, melanoma is one of the most common types of cancer and is primarily caused by unprotected overexposure to UVA and UVB radiation. People who regularly attend tanning salons are also at increased risk for melanoma, and genetic factors also play a key role in its development. Symptoms of melanoma include asymmetrical, wide, multicolored bumps or lumps on the skin which grow over time. These lumps are significantly elevated and are firm to the touch. Melanoma is one of the most treatable forms of cancer, especially if it’s detected in an early or precancerous stage; laser surgery, surgical removal of tumors and radiation therapy are the primary treatment modalities.